Modena was the capital of the duchy of Este in the XVI century and its history and its monuments are strongly tied to the fate of this family. Today the city, with its metropolitan area, is one of the most important European economic, thanks to its engineering and food industries.
Three monuments of the historic center, a few meters away from each other, are inserted in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites: Piazza Grande, the Civic Tower and the Duomo. The latter, also known as the Metropolitan Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta and San Geminiano, is a masterpiece of Romanesque, whose crypt houses the relics of the patron saint of the city. At his side stands the bell tower, also called Ghirlandina, high more than 86 meters and recognizable from several kilometers away, a true symbol of Modena.
Since 2012 Modena also houses a museum dedicated to Enzo Ferrari, the famous race car driver and founder of the historic motorist house that bears his name.