Rome is famous also for its beautiful squares, portrayed in many movies. Visit them in this guided tour and have a wonderful experience!
The tour begins in Piazza di Spagna, a true masterpiece of the 18th century. The square, with its irregular shape, extends to the feet of Pincio hill whereby the French Church Trinita dei Monti (1502) is located on top of it. The square and the church are connected by the monumental Spanish steps, built between 1723-1726 and designed by Francesco de Sanctis. Once a year in the summertime, the Spanish steps are used as a catwalk to host a famous fashion show. In the square you can find the Barcaccia Fountain which was built in 1598 by order of Pope Urban VIII to commemorate the disastrous flood caused by the Tevere river the very same year. The most glamorous Roman streets - via Condotti e via del Babuino - lead to Piazza di Spagna. The area around Piazza di Spagna is where you can find the most prestigious shops such as Prada, Valentino and Gucci. It is an ideal starting point for your shopping in Rome!
From the Spanish Steps, the tour continues with a short walk of about 400 meters to reach the famous Trevi Fountain. It is a huge baroque confection of thrashing mer-horses, splashing water, and striding Tritons presided over by a muscular Neptune. The fountains are powered by the Roman aqueduct of the Acqua Vergine. There is a custom, before leaving: the tourist must throw a coin in the fountain and this act ensures their return to the 'Eternal City'. Some say you must throw the coin backwards over your left shoulder for this ritual to work. Others insist you must use three coins!
A short walk from the Trevi Fountain will lead you to find Piazza Montecitorio. In the center of the square stands the Obelisk of Montecitorio, originally from Heliopolis in Egypt, dating back to the 6th century BC. In 10BC, it was bought to Rome by the Emperor Augustus to be used as the gnomon of the Solarium Augusti. Many years later in 1789, Pope Pius VI moved the obelisk to its current position in front of the Palazzo Montecitorio, which today serves as the seat of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
After this stop, we will continue on to the Pantheon, a building of ancient Rome, built as a temple to all the gods of Olympus. The Romans call it the Rotonna, or Ritonna (La Rotonda), from which it takes the name of the square. The Pantheon was rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian between 118 and 128AD, the facade bears the inscription of Agrippa in bronze letters. The dome of the Pantheon is the largest in the world since ancient times. The interior of the dome is said to symbolize Heaven and the great hole at the top of the dome (almost nine feet in diameter) is the only source of light inside and symbolizes the sun.
The tour will continue to Piazza Navona which was known as the Stadium of Domitian in ancient Rome and was built by Emperor Domitian in 85AD to accommodate the athletic games. Piazza Navona is the pride of Baroque Rome, with architectural elements and sculptures by masters such as Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Fountain of the Four Rivers in the center of the square, which is the Danube, the Ganges, the Nile and the Rio de la Plata, the four corners of the Earth), Francesco Borromini and Girolamo Rainaldi (the Church of St. Agnes in Agony, in front of the fountain by Bernini), and Pietro da Cortona (author of the frescoes of the gallery of the Palazzo Pamphili).
After this visit, our tour will end at Campo de' Fiori. Since 1869 the square has been home to a colorful local grocery market. It had previously hosted performances, horse racing and for centuries Campo de' Fiori was the main stage for public executions. At its center is a large bronze statue, which was inaugurated in 1887 by Ettore Ferrari, the philosopher and Dominican friar Giordano Bruno, who was sentenced to death for heresy and burned alive on 17 February 1600, exactly where his monument is found.