Bordeaux is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region and the fifth largest city in France. Located on the Garonne River in southwestern France, Bordeaux is known for being the country's most prominent wine region and is the center of wine-growing and producing. The city was introduced to wine during the mid -first century when Bordeaux was under rule of the Romans. From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux flourished following the marriage of Duchess Eleonore of Aquittance to the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, who later became King Henry II of England. After being granted a tax-free trade status with England, many locals benefitted from this and were able to increase their profits trading wine.Bordeaux is also known for its high-spirited university-student population that makes it one of the most vibrant and dynamic cities of France. Called "La perle d'Aquitaine" (The Pearl of Aquitaine) and "La Belle Endormie" (Sleeping Beauty), Bordeaux barely sleeps offering a smooth lifestyle and an awesome setting. Many festivals are held throughout the year including the Bordeaux river festival and Vinexpo, the world's main wine festival.Half of the city is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, boulevards became pedestrian-friendly and neoclassical architecture has been restored. Add some world-class architectural buildings, a water-mirror, an exceptional dining scene, an escapade in vineyards and you've almost reached paradise. Take a walking tour through the back streets of the city to learn about the rich history, or enjoy a glass of some of the finest wine in the world!